The first Roman Gladiators were prisoners of war and used the weapons and equipment characteristic of their people. The early enemies of Rome included the Samnites, the Thracians and the Gauls (Gallus) and gladiators were named according to their ethnic roots. This changed over the years and the names of the different types of gladiators reflected their combat techniques such as Secutores (chasers), Bestiarii (beast fighters) and Retiarius (net fighters). Gladiators were always clothed and armed to resemble barbarians with unusual and exotic weapons and their fights depicted famous victories over barbarians and the power of the Roman Empire.
Definition of a Paegniarius
What type of gladiator was
a Paegniarius? What was their purpose? What was their style of combat? And what type of gladiator was matched as their opponent?
Definition: The Paegniarius
were Gladiators who specialised as wild
animal fighters and trainers
Opponent: The Paegniariusgladiator only fought with wild animals, like the
Bestiarii, but the
Paegniarius only used a whip
Weapons: The Paegniarius,
as shown in the mosaic, used a whip, which was similar to a modern
day bullwhip. A bullwhip is a single-tailed whip, usually made of
Body Armor and helmet worn by this type of gladiator: The
Paegniarius wore no helmet and used protective leg padding called
Fascia. These wrappings were made of cloth or leather and covered
his legs from the knee down. Wraps were also used around the feet.
He also wore a protective wide leather belt called a Cingulum worn
to protect the gladiators waistline from being injured.
Shield: A double-sided wooden arm shield, like
wooden boards, which were tied to the left arm
Clothing worn: Close fitting garments similar to
the Subarmallis of the Roman army which was
padded linen worn under armor to prevent chaffing and provided extra