Occasions for Wearing Roman Hats
The Roman men generally went with their heads bare except at
sacred rites, games, festivals, journeys or in war when
helmets were worn. At games and festivals a woollen cap
or bonnet was worn. Hats were also worn for a practical
purpose as protection against rain, the cold and
occasionally too much sun.
Roman Hats worn by Men
The Roman hats worn by men
were generally styled with a brim to provide protection form
the elements. Leather was used which was made rainproof by
the application of grease. Felt was also a popular material
for hats. Felt was one of the cheapest materials to produce
by matting, condensing and pressing fibers. For outdoor
activities at home a straw hat might be used for gardening.
On certain state and religious ceremonies the toga was
pulled over the head. The
Pileus was the name of the the most common hat and was often worn by those who had
just been granted freedom.
The Petasus was the name of the wide brimmed hat which was used
when travelling. It was similar to the Pileus but had wider rims.
The type of hat called a Mitra and many other types of hat
were imported customs from abroad. The mitra was a headdress
resembling a turban but only really worn by foreigners as
Romans considered it effeminate dress for a man.
Roman Hats - Crowns and
Another form of hats worn
by Roman men were ceremonial crowns and wreaths. Roman Crowns and Wreaths
were referred to as a 'corona' meaning crown or a 'sertum'
meaning a garland or wreath. The Tiara and Diadem were the
head dress of kings. The Stephane was a crown-like
headpiece worn by noble Roman women. It was a high,
triangular-shaped headpiece expensively made from gold
rising to a point above the forehead. The Roman Crowns and
Wreaths worn by Emperors were called Corona Radiata. For
additional information please click the following link:
Roman Crowns and Wreaths
Roman Hats worn by Priests
A variety of hats were worn
during religious ceremonies by Roman priests. The most
common hat was the galerus which was similar to the
Roman military helmets
called Galea. The galerus was a pointed hat made of the hide of a
sacrificial animal and were occasionally decorated with twigs of
sacred trees, such as the olive tree. Priests of a high rank
had a spike (apex) attached to the top of their galerus
whereas lower ranking priests had a knob on their
hats. Vestal Virgins wore a Suffibulum which was a veil
which was worn especially while sacrificing. The Suffibulum
veilwas short and white with a purple border.
Roman Hats worn by
Just like the men, roman
hats were not often worn by women. They also wore hooded
cloaks for protection against the weather. As the clothing
fashions of women hardly changed they took great care in
creating the most elaborate hairstyles. These intricate
Roman hairstyles would be
ruined by wearing hats. It therefore became common for women
to wear veils rather than hats. Headdresses were also
popular and complemented the hairstyles. The name for a
woman's headdress was called the calautica. Another common
type of veil used for special occasions was the Flammeum.
The Flammeum was the wedding veil which was a deep yellow,
like the flame of a candle. For more info refer to
Roman Wedding Clothing.