The adopted son of Julius Caesar was Augustus became the first Roman Emperor and all of the successors in the family used the name Caesar. The term became synonymous with the Roman Emperors and each succeeding emperor retained the name "Caesar" as part of their title. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperorsfor the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Nero who can be described, or remembered, as:
"The cruel and dissolute tyrant who blamed the Christians for the burning of Rome"
Short Biography about the life of Nero
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Nero, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
- Name commonly known as: Nero
- Latin Roman Name: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
- Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: October 13, 54 – June 9, 68 he was Proconsul from 51 AD
- Dynasty / Historical Period of Nero: Julio-Claudian
- Place and Date of Birth: December 15, 37 AD. Birthplace Antium
- Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Nero was Claudius
- Date succeeded as Emperor of Rome and circumstances of rule: 54 AD
- Family connections / Genealogy
- Name of Father: Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
- Name of Mother: Agrippina the Younger
- Nero Married:
- Claudia Octavia
- Poppaea Sabina
- Statilia Messalina
- Children: Claudia Augusta
- Place and Date of Death of Nero: Died June 9, 68 (aged 30) in Rome
- Name of next Emperor: The successor to Nero was Galba
Why was Nero famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events:
The first five years of the reign of Nero were marked by the mildness and equity of his government. He discouraged luxury, reduced the taxes, and increased the authority of the Senate. However, he sank into licentiousness, and from licentiousness to cruelty and crime. From a modest and philosophic youth, Nero became the most cruel and dissolute of tyrants. He quarreled with his mother Agrippina, who for his sake had murdered the feeble Claudius; and when she threatened to restore Britannicus to the throne, he ordered that young prince to be poisoned at an entertainment. In order to marry Poppaea Sabina, a beautiful and dissolute woman, the wife of Salvius Otho, Nero resolved to divorce his wife Octavia, and also to murder his mother Agrippina. Under the pretence of a reconciliation, Nero invited Agrippina to meet him at Baiae, where she was placed in a boat, which fell to pieces as she entered it. Agrippina swam to the shore, but was there assassinated by the orders of her son. The Roman Senate congratulated Nero upon this fearful deed.
During the reign of Nero, Boadicea, the British queen, A.D. 61, revolted against the Romans and defeated several armies; but the governor, Suetonius Paulinus, conquered the Icenii in a battle in which eighty thousand Britons are said to have fallen and Boadicea committed suicide.
Nero and the Burning of Rome
It would be impossible to detail all the crimes of Nero, but the deliberate burning of Rome was probably the worst.. In A.D. 64 a fire broke out in Rome, which lasted for six days, consuming the greater part of the city. Nero was believed to have ordered the city to be fired, to obtain a clear representation of the burning of Troy, and, while Rome was in flames, amused himself by playing upon musical instruments. Whether this account of Nero was true or false is debatable but Nero did decide to blame this event on the Christians, and inflicted upon them terrible cruelties and punishments. The city was rebuilt upon an improved plan, and Nero's palace, called the Golden House, occupied a large part of the ruined capital with groves, gardens, and buildings of unequalled magnificence.
Life and Death of Nero
In A.D. 65 a plot was discovered in which many eminent Romans were engaged. The poet Lucan and Seneca, the philosopher, together with many others, were put to death. In A.D. 67 Nero travelled to Greece, and performed on the cithara at the Olympian and Isthmian games. Nero also contended for the prize in singing, and put to death a singer whose voice was louder than his own. Stained with every conceivable crime he was haunted by the ghost of the mother he had murdered. Nero was finally dethroned by the Praetorian Guards. Nero then committed suicide on June 9, A.D. 68. He was the last of the Claudian family. No one remained who had an hereditary claim to the empire of Augustus, and the future emperors were selected by the Praetorian Guards or the provincial legions.
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty spanned 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including Julius Caesar, the Dictator and the first Roman Emperor, Octavian (Augustus) Caesar who was followed by Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.