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Numerian

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History, Facts and Information about Numerian
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Numerian who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. Read about the life of Numerian who can be described or remembered as:

 "The Emperor whose body was left to rot..."

Short Biography about the life of Numerian
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Numerian, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.

  • Name commonly known as: Numerian
  • Latin Roman Name: Marcus Aurelius Numerianus
  • Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 282-3 under his father and jointly with his brother Carinus December 283 - November 284
  • Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284) the era of Illyrian Emperors (268 - 285)
  • Date of Birth: 253 AD
  • Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Numerian was Carus
  • Family connections / Genealogy
    • Name of Father: Carus
    • Married: The daughter of Arrius Aper
    • Brother: Carinus
    • Sister: Aurelia Paulina
  • Place and Date of Death: Died November 284 in Emesa, a western city in Syria
  • Name of next Emperor:  The successor to Numerian was briefly Nigrian and the usurperJulian of Pannonia The next really famous emperor was Diocletian

Interesting facts about the life of Numerian
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Numerian from the following facts and information about his life. Carus the previous emperor was the father of Numerian and his brother Carinus.  Numerian and his older brother Carinus were raised to the rank of Caesar in AD 282, soon after their father had become emperor. Carus had gained many victories over the Persians and Numerian accompanied his father to the East and Mesopotamia. His brother stayed in Rome to rule the west. Their father died suddenly in A.D. 283 and his sons Numerian and Carinus, succeeded him as co-emperors. Numerian was never suited to the military life. His preferences lay with more intellectual pursuits. Due to his lack of military skill he was perceived as the 'junior' emperor. Numerian and his troops left Mesopotamia to return to Rome. Numerian contracted a serious eye disease which half blinded him and he was forced to ride in a litter. His trusted commander Arrius Aper, the prefect of the praetorians and his father-in-law, was ambitious and took the opportunity to murder the ailing Numerian. The murder took place in November 284 at Emesa, a western city in Syria The murder of Numerian was kept a secret - his body was just left to rot in the litter. However, the stench from the rotting corpse could not be ignored and the death of Numerian became public knowledge. Arrius Aper never achieved his ambition to become the next emperor and was later put to death by Diocletian.    

Numerian - Dynasties of Roman Emperors - Illyrian Emperors (268 - 285)
The Illyrian Emperors (268 - 285). The "Illyrian emperors" is the name given to the Roman emperors who governed the Roman Empire between 268 and 282. Illyria was  a region in the western part of today's Balkan Peninsula. The people for Illyria were renown for their military prowess and they became an important source of manpower for the Roman army. Because of their military strength many of the emperors from this period came from Illyria. 

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Roman Emperors

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