about the life of Vespasian
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of
Vespasian, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Vespasian
Latin Roman Name: Titus
Reigned as Roman Emperor /
Caesar: 1 July 69 – 23 June 79
Dynasty / Historical Period:
Place and Date of Birth:
Born 17 November 09 at Falacrina
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Vespasian was
Family connections / Genealogy
Place and Date of Death:
Vespasian died 23 June 79 (age 69)
Place of death Rome
Name of next Emperor:
The successor to Vespasian was Titus, his
Why was Vespasian famous?
Accomplishments, achievements and important events: The defeat of
Vitellius resulted in the end of military anarchy and the beginning
of an extended period of political stability under Vespasian and the
Flavian dynasty which he established. The successful campaign
against Judea led to the capture of Jerusalem and the destruction of
the Temple. The proceeds of the victory which were spent building
the Colosseum in Rome.
Vespasian was brave,
active, free from vice, and, although fond of money, was never
charged with extortion or rapacity. Although never a refined or
cultivated man, Vespasian restored the vigor of the Roman
government, and gave peace and prosperity to his subjects. Vespasian
founded a library and established schools of rhetoric in Rome.
The Year of the Four Emperors
(68 - 69 AD) and the Flavian Dynasty
The Year of the Four
Emperors 68 - 69 AD and the beginning of the Flavian
Dynasty. Following the suicide of Nero there was a brief
period of civil war in Rome which resulted in the Year of
the Four Emperors which saw the successive rise and fall of
Galba, Otho and Vitellius until the final accession of
Vespasian who became the first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty.
On the death of Nero, Servius Sulpicius Galba, already
chosen emperor by the Praetorians and the Senate, was
murdered in the Forum in January, A.D. 69. He was succeeded
by Salvius Otho, the infamous friend of Nero, and the
husband of Poppaea Sabina. The legions on the Rhine,
however, proclaimed their own commander, Vitellius, emperor
and Otho, his forces being defeated in a battle near
Bedriacum between Verona and Cremona, killed himself.
Vitellius, the new emperor, was remarkable for his gluttony
and his coarse vices. He neglected every duty of his office,
and soon became universally contemptible. Vespasian, the
distinguished general, who had been fighting successfully
against the Jews in Palestine, was proclaimed emperor by the
governor of Egypt.