The names of the thirty usurpers or pretenders are detailed
after the Timeline of Roman Emperors.
27BC-14AD: Augustus Caesar "The first
14AD-37AD: Tiberius "The Emperor who trusted Sejanus and
lived in Capri"
37-41AD: Caligula "The Evil Emperor who proclaimed himself a
41-54AD: Claudius "The bumbling Emperor who married the
54-68AD: Nero "The mad tyrant who blamed the Christians for
the burning of Rome"
68-69AD: Galba "The old man the first in the Year of the
69AD: Otho "The greedy ruler who lasted just three months"
69AD: Vitellius "The man who killed his dissolute son"
69-79AD: Vespasian "The Emperor who built the Colosseum"
79-81AD: Titus "The Emperor who destroyed the temple in
81-96AD: Domitian "The evil emperor who murdered thousands
96-98AD: Nerva "The first of the Five Good Emperors"
98-117AD: Trajan "The Emperor who left the legacy of
Trajan's market and Column"
117-138AD: Hadrian "The Emperor who built Hadrian's Wall"
138-161AD: Antoninus Pius "The Excellent Emperor"
161-180AD: Marcus Aurelius "The Philosopher, last of the
Five Good Emperors"
161-169AD: Lucius Verus: Joint Rule with Marcus Aurelius
177-192AD: Commodus "More savage than Domitian, more foul
193AD: Pertinax "The Emperor who was murdered by the
193AD: Didius Julianus "The man who paid to become Emperor"
193-194AD: Pescennius Niger "The Black Emperor"
195-197AD: Claudius Albinus "The Emperor who made a bad
193-211AD: Septimius Severus "Emperor who increased the
Praetorian Guards to 50,000"
198-217AD: Caracalla "The common enemy of mankind."
209-212AD: Geta "The hated brother of Caracalla..."
217-218ADMacrinus "The Praetorian guard who killed
218AD: Diadumenian "The Boy-Caesar - killed when he was 10
218-222AD: Elagabalus "He married a Vestal Virgin and then
took a husband..."
222-238AD: Alexander Severus "He who revoked all former
edicts against the Christians"
235-238AD: Maximinus Thrax "The Thug..."
238AD: Gordian I "The Octogenarian..."
238AD: Gordian II "Co-Emperor with his father"
238AD: Balbinus "The Orator and Poet..."
238AD: Pupienus "The Disciplinarian..."
238-244AD: Gordian III "Grandson Of Gordian I and Nephew Of
244-249AD: Philip the Arab "Philip and Severa - the first
Christian imperial couple"
244-249AD: Philip II "The boy emperor who died in his
248AD: Pacatian "The Usurper from Bulgaria..."
248AD: Jotapian "The Usurper from Syria..."
249-251AD: Trajan Decius "One of the most cruel persecutors
of the Christians"
251AD: Herennius Etruscus "Killed by a Goth's arrow"
251AD: Hostilian "The Emperor who died from the Plague"
251-253AD: Trebonianus Gallus "The Emperor, the Plague, the
Persians and the mutiny"
251-253AD: Volusian "The son who was raised to the position
of Joint Emperor"
253AD: Aemilian "Three months as Emperor, then death"
253-260AD: Valerian "The Emperor who was skinned and
stuffed with manure"
253-268AD: Gallienus "Famine, Plague and the 'Thirty
268-270AD: Claudius II (Gothicus) "He fought the Goths, the
Vandals and Traitors..."
270AD: Quintillus "Champion of the Senate"
270-275AD: Aurelian "The illiterate military genius..."
267-273AD: Zenobia "The Warrior Queen..."
Interregnum - A Period of
about 6 Months when the Empire was without an
275-276AD: Tacitus "The Emperor who
followed the Interregnum..."
276AD: Florianus "The Emperor who ruled for 88 days..."
276-282AD: Probus "The Emperor who believed that idle hands
282-283AD: Carus "The Frugal emperor..."
283-284AD: Numerian "The Emperor whose body was left to
283-285AD: Carinus "The debauched Emperor suspected of
285AD: Nigrian "Was this infant the product of incest?"
284-285AD: Julian of Pannonia "The last usurper before the
Roman Empire was split..."
the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian
into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)
The Western Roman Empire
284-305AD: Diocletian "The Emperor who
split the Roman Empire..."
286-305AD, 306 - 308 AD, 310 AD: Maximianus(with Diocletian
286-305AD, and ruled again after a brief abdication 306-308
and then again in 310AD)
287-293ADCarausius "The Usurper Emperor of the Britannic
293-296AD: Allectus "The second Usurper Emperor of the
296-297AD: Domitius Domitianus "The Usurper Emperor of
305-306AD: Constantius Chlorus "The Emperor who recovered
305-311AD: Galerius "The Emperor who persecuted the
Christians but eventually begged for their prayers..."
306-312 AD: Maxentius "The Usurper Emperor who provoked
another Civil War..."
306-309: Valerius Romulus "The Boy Emperor who came from a
family of Emperors..."
306-307 AD: Severus II "The Emperor who was murdered at
307-337 AD: Constantine the Great "The Christian Emperor who
united the Empire..."
309-313 AD: Maximinus "Killed in Tarsus with his wife and
308-311 AD: Domitius Alexander "The usurper Emperor of
308-324 AD: Licinius I "The Emperor who fought against
Constantine the Great..."
314 AD: Valerian Valens "The Emperor whose death formed part
of a peace treaty..."
317-324 AD: Licinius II "The Son of the Emperor who plotted
with the Goths..."
317-326 AD: Crispus "The Caesar who was falsely accused of
323-324AD: Sextus Martinianus "Executed on orders from
335-337AD: Delmatius "The Emperor who died in a blood
335-337AD: Hannibalianus "Ruled as 'Rex' or King..."
337-340AD: Constantine II "Killed fighting over territory
with his brother..."
337-350AD: Constans "The Emperor who was put to death by an
337-361AD: Constantius II "The second and worst of the sons
of Constantine the Great..."
350-353AD: Magnentius "The Christian Emperor who fell on his
351-353AD: Decentius "The Usurper Emperor who hung
350AD: Vetranio "The Emperor who was stripped of the purple
350AD: Nepotian "The Emperor who had his head paraded on a
351-354AD: Constantius Gallus "His pardon failed to reach
360-363AD: Julian the Apostate "The Last non-Christian
363-364AD: Jovian "The Emperor who re-established
Christianity as the official religion of the Roman
364-375AD: Valentinian I "The Emperor given to fits of
364-378AD: Valens "The Emperor who allowed the Goths to
settle on Roman territory..."
365-366AD: Procopius "The last of the Constantinian dynasty
367-383AD: Gratian "The Emperor who was deserted and
murdered by his soldiers..."
375-392AD: Valentinian II "The Emperor who was strangled to
379-395AD: Theodosius I "The Emperor who resisted the
383-388AD: Magnus "Was this Emperor the nephew of Old King
383-408AD: Arcadius "The Emperor who engaged Alaric the Goth
to be the guardian of the Eastern empire..."
387-388AD: Flavius Victor "The Usurper whose mother was a
Queen of the Britons..."
392-394AD: Eugenius "Executed by beheading"
393-423AD: Honorius "The End of the Gladiators and the Sack
400-404AD: Arcadius "Dominated by Rufinus..."
402-450AD: Theodosius II "The Emperor who introduced the law
code of Theodosius II..."
407-411AD: Constantine III "The Usurper Emperor who was
ordained priest hoping for mercy..."
408-411AD: Constans II "The Usurper Emperor who was betrayed
by his general..."
409-410: Priscus Attalus "The Usurper Emperor who was
409-410 & 414-415AD: 411-413AD: Jovinus "The Emperor who
defeated at the siege of Valence..."
412-413AD: Sebastianus "The Usurper Emperor whose head was
sent to the imperial court..."
421AD: Constantius III "The Emperor who retrieved the
western empire from the brink of disaster..."
423-425AD: Ioannes "Captured, mutilated and while still
living, set upon an ass in the Roman Circus and finally
425-455AD: Valentinian III "The Vandals were coming and so
was Attila the Hun..."
450-457AD: Marcian "The Emperor who refused to recognize the
emperors of the West"
455AD: Petronius Maximus "The Assassin Emperor..."
455-456ADAvitus "The Emperor who was backed by the
457-474ADLeo I "The Emperor who was known as 'the great
Thracian' by friends and 'the Butcher' by his enemies..."
457-461AD: Majorian "The Emperor who gained victories over
the Franks & Vandals..."
461-465AD: Libius Severus "The Puppet Emperor who was
467-472AD: Anthemius "The Emperor who believed that he was
a victim of sorcery..."
472AD: Olybrius "Pawn of Ricimer, who died of
dropsy..." Roman Emperors Timeline
473-474AD: Glycerius "The Exiled Emperor ..." Roman Emperors
474-475AD: Julius Nepos "The Emperor who was killed by the
man he had deposed..."
475-476AD: Romulus Augustus "The Last Roman Emperor..."
Eastern Empire (Byzantine)
- Timeline of Gallic Emperors
253-255AD: Valerian II
270-273AD: Tetricus I
270-273AD: Tetricus II
Timeline of Roman Emperors
- the Usurpers or Pretenders
The above Timeline of Roman
Emperors provides details of all of the "official" Roman
Emperors together with details of the usurpers and
pretenders who were also proclaimed emperor or empress. The
names of the usurpers or pretenders are as follows: Cyriades, Postumus, Postumus the
Younger, Lollianus, Victorinus, Victorinus the Younger,
Marius, Ingenuus, Regalianus, Aureolus, Macrianus, Macrianus
the Younger, Quietus, Odaenathus, Herodes, Maeonius,
Ballista, Valens, Valens the Elder, Piso, Aemilianus,
Saturninus, Tetricus the Elder, Tetricus the Younger,
Trebellianus, Herennianus, Timolaus, Celsus, Zenobia,
Victoria, Titus, Censorinus.