did they originate?
Ancient Italy was
separated, on the north, by the Alps, from Germany. It was
bounded by the Adriatic Sea, by a part of the Mediterranean
and on the south, by the strait of Messina. The south of
Italy, was peopled by a colony from Greece. The middle of
Italy contained several states or confederacies, under the
denominations of Etrurians, Samnites, Latins, Volsci,
Campanians and Sabines. The north was peopled by a race of
Romulus and Remus the first rulers of the Romans originated from ancient city of Latium, Italy, in the Alban
Hills about 12 miles southeast of Rome which was under the
dominion of the Etrurians.
The City of Rome
Romulus is commonly reported to have founded the city of
Rome which was situated on the river Tiber in B. C. 753.
Rome was built on seven hills. The seven hills of Rome were
called the Palatine, Capitoline, Quirinal, Esquiline,
Viminal, Caelian, and Aventine. Rome was at first only a
small fortification; under the kings and the republic, it
greatly increased in size; but it could hardly be called
magnificent before the time of the first Emperor - Augustus
Cæsar. The greatest number of inhabitants in Rome was four
millions; but its average population was not more than two
The Patricians, the
Plebeians (Plebs) and the Slaves
The Romans were divided
into three tribes and the people were initially separated
into two ranks or classes. The small ruling class of nobles
were called the
Patricians and the other class were called
Plebeians. Slaves were added by the people of Rome after
by being taken in war, by way of punishment, or were simply
born in a state of servitude. The number of slaves in Rome
and through Italy, was immense and some rich individuals are
said to have owned several thousand slaves. The power of the
master over his slave was absolute.
The Roman Empire
The history of Rome is that
of a city which originally had only a few miles of
territory, and gradually extended its dominions at first
over Italy and then over the civilized world. The Romans at
first conquered the people of the surrounding areas. Their
thirst for wealth and power increased and they conquered
many other countries which became part of the Roman Empire.
The capital of the Rome Empire was in in Rome and by 395AD
every single country surrounding the Mediterranean Sea was
ruled by the Romans.
The Western and Eastern
The Romans conquered so
many countries that eventually the Empire was split into two
- the Western Empire and the Eastern Empire, each of which
had its own Emperor. The last Western Roman Emperor, Romulus
Augustulus, resigned in 476 A.D but the Eastern Roman Empire
would last another 1,000 years as the Byzantine Empire
controlling the countries in the east.