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Ancient Roman Baths Glossary

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History, Facts and Information about Ancient Roman Baths Glossary
The content of this article provides interesting facts and information via an Ancient Roman Baths Glossary. A full description of the Roman baths, including how they were heated and history, establishment, entrance fees and baths for women are detailed on the links below.

Roman Baths
Roman Public Baths

Ancient Roman Baths Glossary
The terminology and names used to describe the different elements of the Roman Baths are described in the following glossary of terms relating to ancient Roman baths:

  • Public Baths (thermae)
  • Balnea or balneae - bath buildings
  • Balneator - the "bath-man"
  • Conductor - Bath Manager
  • Caldarium - hot bath room
  • Tepidarium - warm bath room
  • Frigidarium - cold bath room
  • Natatio - open-air bathing pool
  • Apodyteria - changing rooms
  • Palaestrae - gymnasium or exercise ground
  • Alveus - hot bathing pool in the caldarium
  • Calida piscina - large pool, heated independently of the pools in the caldarium
  • Unctorium - "Scraping room"
  • Exedra - Rooms off the palaestra used for relaxation
  • Labrum - splash basin in the caldarium
  • Laconicum - Sweat room
  • Sphaeristerium - Ball-playing court
  • Natatio - Open-air swimming pool
  • Palaestra - exercise yard
  • Piscina - pools
  • Praefurnium - Furnace room
  • Sculponea - Wooden sandals to protect bathers' feet from the hot floors
  • Strigiles - Small curved instruments used to scarpe the cleansing oils in the palaestra or the tepidarium
  • Sudatorium - Humid sweat-bath
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