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Roman Villa

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History, Facts and Information about the Roman Villa
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Roman Villa. There were many Roman villas of which there were basically two types - the the villa urbana and the villa rustica.

Roman Villa Urbana
The Roman Villa Urbana was a country house owned by wealthy Patricians that was in close proximity to Rome, or another city. Romans would stay at these villas for a night or two for a  break from the heat and town life.

Roman Villa Rustica
The Roman Villa Rustica was the farm house which was centred on estates owned by wealthy Romans. These were working farms which were occupied by slaves and trusted servants who had charge of the country estate.

Rooms of a Roman Villa
The Roman Villas had high sloping roofs, covered with broad tiles, and there was usually an open space in the centre to provide light to the inner apartments. The windows were closed with blinds of linen or plates of horn, but more generally with shutters of wood. Only the very wealthy had glass windows. The lower floors of the villas were either inlaid marble or mosaic work. There were were the reception-rooms, dining room, general living areas, bedrooms, kitchen, stove, bath areas, servant quarters and slave dormitories.

Life in a Roman Villa
Life in a Roman Villa was the height of opulence and luxury for the wealthy owners with all the facilities and service which can only be expected from modern 5 star hotels. Some even had their own gymnasium. Food was of the best quality and freshly prepared by the slaves assigned to the villa. Life as a house slave was infinitely preferable to field slaves. They were better dressed, reflecting the status of their masters, and the work was often light requiring the duties of body slaves and personal servants. Field slaves were forced to work hard from dawn until dusk. Some country slaves had their heads shaven and their hair was used to produce wigs for wealthy Roman women. It was therefore a severe punishment for a town-slave to be sent into the country. 

Roman Colosseum
Roman Architecture

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