The adopted son of Julius Caesar was Augustus became the first Roman Emperor and all of the successors in the family used the name Caesar. The term became synonymous with the Roman Emperors and each succeeding emperor retained the name "Caesar" as part of their title. Refer to the comprehensive List of Roman Emperorsfor the names of the most famous Romans, their dynasties and the historic eras of all the Roman Emperors and usurpers. Read about the life of Augustus Caesar who can be described, or remembered, as:
"The first Roman Emperor"
Short Biography about the life of Augustus Caesar
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Augustus Caesar, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire. He refused the names of King and Dictator but in B.C. 27 he assumed the title of Augustus, meaning "the sacred," or "the venerable," which was afterward assumed by all the Roman emperors as a surname.
Name commonly known as: Augustus Caesar
Latin Roman Name: Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: January 16, 27 BC – August 19 AD 14
Dynasty / Historical Period: Julio-Claudian
Place and Date of Birth: Born September 23, 63 BC his birthplace was Rome
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Augustus Caesar was Gaius Julius Caesar
Date succeeded as Emperor of Rome and circumstances of rule: He was the heir to his great uncle Julius Caesar. After his assassination he took revenge on his death and eventually became the first Roman Emperor
Family connections / Genealogy
Name of Father: Gaius Octavius but was adopted by Julius Caesar
Name of Mother: Atia Balba Caesonia
Children: Julia the Elder
Why was was Augustus Caesar famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events: He reigned during the life of Jesus Christ. Establishment of permanent frontier. Building of roads across the Empire
Place and Date of Death: Augustus Caesar died August 19 AD 14 in Nola, Italy
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Augustus Caesar was Tiberius, who was his stepson by third wife Livia, who he adopted as his son
Interesting facts about the life of Augustus Caesar
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar from the following facts and information about his life.
Fact 1: In appearance Augustus was of middle stature, his features regular, and his eyes were extremely brilliant
Fact 2: Augustus Caesar was a good writer and his chosen friends were poets, historians, and eminent scholars
Fact 3: Augustus Caesar was seventy-six years old when he died and his body was burned with great ceremony on the Campus Martius
Fact 4: His ashes were placed in the mausoleum which he had built for himself and his family
Fact 5: The Senate ordered Augustus Caesar to be numbered among the gods of Rome.
Fact 6: The Temple of Janus was closed for the third and last time in Roman history as the Romans believed that Augustus Caesar had brought them peace
Fact 7: He banished his daughter to an island near Rhegium because of her licentious behaviour and when she died there, would allow no funeral honors to be paid to her
Fact 8: His third wife Livia was believed to have murdered many of the family to ensure her son would rule after Augustus Caesar
Fact 9: Livia concealed the death of Augustus Caesar until her son arrived and then proclaimed the accession of his successor. The first event of the new reign was the assassination of Agrippa Postumus, grandson of Augustus, and, according to the modern rule of descent, the proper heir to the throne. This act was shared between Tiberius and his mother Livia, who were also accused of having hastened the death of Augustus through poison
Fact 10: During the reign of Augustus Caesar the Roman empire was bounded on the north by the Euxine, the Danube, the Rhine, and the British Channel; westward it reached to the Atlantic; on the south it was confined by the deserts of Africa, and on the east by Assyria and Mesopotamia. The Mediterranean Sea was wholly within the empire affording excellent trade and an easy means of communication with the different Roman provinces.
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty spanned 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including Julius Caesar, the Dictator and the first Roman Emperor, Octavian (Augustus) Caesar who was followed by Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.