Julius Caesar was not
an emperor. He was a dictator. However, the name became synonymous with the Roman Emperors
and every emperor retained the name "Caesar" as
part of their title.
about the life of Julius Caesar
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of
Julius Caesar, Dictator of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Read about the life of Julius Caesar who can be described, or
"General, Statesman, Dictator -
the most famous Roman of them all"
Name commonly known as: Julius Caesar,
Dictator of Rome during the era of the Republic
What was the Republic?
Definition: The Roman republic was the form of government maintained
by Rome whose authority was based on popular consent and governed by
popular representation and control.
Latin Roman Name: Gaius Julius
Position of Consul: 49 BC–March 15, 44 BC
Dynasty / Historical Period:
The Royal House Julio-Claudian during the Roman Republic
Place and Date of Birth: Rome,
12 July 100 BC or 102 BC
Family connections / Genealogy
Name of Father: Gaius Julius
Name of Mother: Aurelia Cotta
Cornelia Cinna minor 84 BC–68
Pompeia 68 BC–63 BC
Calpurnia Pisonis 59 BC–44 BC
Cleopatra: Julius was the
lover of Cleopatra, the Queen of Egypt, but they were never married
as this was forbidden by Roman Law. In Ancient Rome a marriage was
only recognised between two Roman citizens
Why was Julius Caesar famous?
Accomplishments, achievements and important events: He conquered
Gaul (modern France and Belgium - 58-50 BC). The reforms of Caesar
stabilized the Mediterranean world. Julius Caesar was dictator for
ten years and consul for five, and was also imperator or commander
of an army he was not made to disband, so that he nearly was as
powerful as any king
Julius Caesar was a general, a
statesman, a lawgiver, a jurist, an orator, a poet, a historian, a
philologer, a mathematician, and an architect.
Place and Date of Death:
Died 15 March 44 BC on the Ides of March (aged 56). The place of
death was Rome during the period of the Roman Republic
Name of successor:
The successor to Julius Caesar was eventually
Augustus Caesar who
became the first Emperor of Rome
about the life of Julius Caesar
Obtain a fast overview of the times of Julius Caesar from the following facts and information about his life.
Fact 1: Julius Caesar was not
an Emperor. He was given the title 'Dictator perpetuus' (Latin for
dictator in perpetuity). between January 26 and February 15 of the
year 44 BCE
Fact 2: He was assassinated
within one month of being given the title of 'dictator perpetuus' by
the Roman Senate.
Fact 3: Julius Caesar was a real ladies
man and another of his lovers was Servilia, who was the mother of
Fact 4: He enjoyed honors and
ceremonies when he would wear a laurel crown, because it covered his
baldness, which was believed a deformity. The Ancient Romans went
went with their heads bare except at sacred rites, games, festivals,
on journey or in war
Fact 5: Julius Caesar was the first
to print his own bust on a Roman minted coin
Fact 6: Julius Caesar was also
distinguished as an author, and wrote several works which related
the history of the first seven years of the Gallic War and the
history of the Civil War.
Fact 7: Julius Caesar is said
to have entrusted his will and testament to the oldest of the vestal
Fact 8: He killed Pharnaces in
battle in Tarsus, Asia Minor. The success was announced to the
Senate in the following brief words, "Veni, vidi, vici"—"I came, I
saw, I conquered."
Fact 9: The familiy of the
Julii were said to be descended from aeneas and Venus
Fact 10: The successor of
Julius Caesar was his
great nephew, Octavian, who took the name Augustus Caesar and was
the first Roman Emperor
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty - 27 BC to AD 68
The Julian-Claudian Dynasty
spanned 27 BC to AD 68. This dynasty is known as the Julio-Claudians
because its Emperors belonged to the patrician families
called the Julii and the Claudii. Some of the most famous of
all of the emperors belonged to this dynasty including
Julius Caesar, the Dictator and the
first Roman Emperor, Augustus Caesar who was followed by
Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero.