Short Biography about the life of Constantius I (Constantius Chlorus)
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Constantius Chlorus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Constantius I aka Constantius Chlorus
Latin Roman Name: Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: Reign 293 - 305 (as Caesar with Maximian) and 305 - 306 as Augustus in the west
Galerius was Augustus in the east
Dynasty / Historical Period: In 285 the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian - The Western Roman Empire and the other half became known as the Eastern Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire.
Place and Date of Birth: 31 March c. 250 in Dardania (Serbia)
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessors or the Emperors before Constantius Chlorus were:
Diocletian was Augustus of the East: Ruling Asia, Egypt and Thrace
Maximianus was Augustus of the West: Ruling Italy and Africa
Family connections / Genealogy
Place and Date of Death: 305 AD in York
For the names and dates of succession of the Roman emperors in the East and the West of the Empire refer to the Timeline of Roman Emperors
Interesting facts about the life of Constantius I (Constantius Chlorus)
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Constantius Chlorus from the following facts and information about his life. Why was Constantius Chlorus famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events in his life. The Tetrarchy (Greek meaning "leadership of four people") a system of government where power is divided between four individuals was instituted by Emperor Diocletian and Emperor Maximianus in 293 and lasted until c. 313. Diocletian and Maximianus appointed two Caesars, Constantius and Galerius, to aid them in the defence of the empire. Augustus Diocletian and his Caesar, Galerius controlled the East. Augustus Maximianus and his Caesar, Constantius controlled the West. Constantius who was given the title of Caesar: Britain, Spain and Gaul. To cement the relationship between Maximianus and his Caesar a political marriage was arranged between Constantius and the elder daughter of Maximianus whose name was Theodora. This policy continued and ten years later, the son of Constantius Chlorus, called Constantine, would marry the younger daughter of Maximianus called Fausta.
Constantius Chlorus and Britannia
Constantius fought bravely, both in Britain and Gaul, with the enemies who tried to break into the empire. The Franks, one of the Teutonic nations, were constantly breaking in on the eastern frontier of Gaul, and the Caledonians on the northern border of the settlement of Britain. Constantius Chlorus resolved to reduce Britain and the previous usurper emperor Carausis to subjection. However, before Constantius Chlorus could reach Britain Carausius was put to death by Allectus, a new usurper in A.D. 293. Allectus based his fleet in the area of the Isle of Wight. Constantius Chlorus crossed the Channel and engaged in battle with Allectus, who was killed in 296AD. Constantius Chlorus recovered Britannia, which, after a separation of ten years, was once more reunited to the empire.
The Death of Constantius Chlorus
Constantius Chlorus died at York, 305, and Galerius passed over the son of Constantius Chlorus called Constantine, and appointed a favorite of his own named Licinius. Constantine was so much beloved by the army and people of Gaul that they proclaimed him Emperor, and he held the province of Britain and Gaul securely against all enemies.