Gordian III

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History, Facts and Information about Gordian III
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Gordian III who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. Read about the life of Elagabalus who can be described or remembered as:

 "Grandson Of Gordian I and Nephew Of Gordian II"

Short Biography about the life of Gordian III
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Gordian III, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.

  • Name commonly known as: Gordian III

  • Latin Roman Name: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius

  • Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 22 April 29 July 238 (as Caesar to Pupienus and Balbinus) and as sole emperor 29 July 238 11 February 244

  • Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century - Year of the Six Emperors

  • Place and Date of Birth: 20 January 225

  • Name of previous Emperor: His predecessors were Gordian I Gordian II and co-rulers wereBalbinus andPupienus

  • Family connections / Genealogy

    • Name of Father: Junius Balbus

    • Name of Mother: Antonia Gordiana

    • Married: Furia Sabinia Tranquillina

  • Place and Date of Death: Died 11 February 244 (aged 19) in Zaitha, Mesopotamia

  • Name of next Emperor:  The successor to Gordian III was Philip the Arab

Interesting facts about the life of Gordian III
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Gordian III from the following facts and information about his life. Why was Gordian II famous? Accomplishments, achievements and important events. The grandfather and uncle of Gordian III were the emperors Gordian I and Gordian II. These Gordians had reigned only thirty-six days during the Year of the Six Emperors. The Senate immediately elected Pupienus and Balbinus co-emperors, to whom, in order to gratify the people, they joined the younger Gordian who was then only twelve years old. He reigned 22 April 29 July 238 as Caesar to Pupienus and Balbinus and then as sole emperor until his death in 244. The Goths on the Danube and the Persians in the East now assailed the Roman empire, and at the same time the Praetorian Guards murdered Pupienus and Balbinus, leaving Gordian III as sole emperor of Rome. Gordian III was married to the daughter of Misitheus, Prefect of the Praetorians, an excellent minister and commander. Together they marched to the East, and defeated the Persians under their king Sapor, in various engagements. Misitheus died, and Gordian III appointed the Arab Philip as his prime minister. King Sapor was again defeated. The treacherous Philip the Arab then conspired against his benefactor and Gordian III was assassinated on 11 February 244 in Zaitha, Mesopotamia. Gordian III was just aged 19 years of age when he was lynched by his own soldiers.

Gordian III - Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century, lasting over 50 years, not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard,  fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes.

Gordian III - Year of the Six Emperors (238)
The Year of the Six Emperors (238) and the start of the Barracks Emperors. There were six emperors in 238 AD and each of them were officially recognized by the Roman Senate. Their names were Maximinus Thrax, Gordian I, Gordian II, Balbinus, Pupienus and Gordian III. By the end of the Year of the Six Emperors five had died a violent and bloody death leaving the 13 year old Gordian III as the sole Roman Emperor. 

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