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Pupienus

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History, Facts and Information about Pupienus (co-emperor with Balbinus)
The content of this article provides interesting history, facts and information about the Emperor Pupienus who ruled the empire of Ancient Rome. Read about the life of Elagabalus who can be described or remembered as:

 "The Disciplinarian..."

Short Biography about the life of Pupienus
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Pupienus, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.

  • Name commonly known as: Pupienus

  • Latin Roman Name: Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus

  • Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 22 April - 29 July 238 (with Balbinus, and in revolt against Maximinus Thrax)

  • Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century - Year of the Six Emperors

  • Place and Date of Birth: Pupienus was born ca. 178 in the Etruscan city of Volterra

  • Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Pupienus was Maximinus Thrax and brieflyGordian I Gordian II

  • Family connections / Genealogy

    • Children:

      • Tiberius Clodius Pupienus Pulcher Maximus

      • Marcus Pupienus Africanus

      • Pupienia Sextia Paulina Cethegilla (daughter)

  • Place and Date of Death: Pupienus died 29 July 238 in Rome

  • Name of next Emperor:  The successor to Pupienus was Gordian III

Interesting facts about the life of Pupienus
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Pupienus from the following facts and information about his life. Why was Pupienus famous? The harsh doctrines and regime of the thuggish emperor, Maximin (aka Maximinus Thrax) produced a revolt in Africa, where the legions proclaimed their proconsul, Gordian, emperor. The Senate then revolted against Maximinus Thrax, but in the mean time, Gordian and his son were defeated and slain in Africa. The Senate immediately elected Pupienus and Balbinus as co-emperors. Mutual suspicions between the two emperors began to plague their government right from the start. Pupienus had a reputation for severity when he was prefect in Rome, and this was reported to be one of the reasons why the plebs were so unhappy with his choice as Emperor. In order to gratify the people Pupienus and Balbinus were joined by Gordian III who was then only twelve years of age. Maximinus Thrax entered Italy and besieged Aquileia, but his soldiers, weary of the length of the siege, put him to death. Pupienus and Balbinus had their disagreements and eventually both Balbinus and Pupienus were assassinated on the same day by soldiers of the Praetorian guard.  Pupienus died on 29 July 238 in Rome, having reigned for just over three months.  

Pupienus - Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century, lasting over 50 years, not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard,  fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes.

Pupienus - Year of the Six Emperors (238)
The Year of the Six Emperors (238) and the start of the Barracks Emperors. There were six emperors in 238 AD and each of them were officially recognized by the Roman Senate. Their names were Maximinus Thrax, Gordian I, Gordian II, Balbinus, Pupienus and Gordian III. By the end of the Year of the Six Emperors five had died a violent and bloody death leaving the 13 year old Gordian III as the sole Roman Emperor.

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Roman Emperors

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