about the life of Licinius I
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of
Licinius I, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Licinius I
Latin Roman Name: Valerius
Reigned as Roman Emperor /
Caesar: Reign 11 November 308 - 311 as Augustus in the west, with
Galerius in the east in
311 - 313 (joint Augustus with Maximinus) 313 - 324 as
Augustus in the east, with Constantine in the west and in 314 and
324 in competition with Constantine
Dynasty / Historical Period:
In 285 the Roman Empire was split in half by Diocletian - The
Western Roman Empire and the other half became known as the Eastern
Roman Empire or the Byzantine Empire.
Place and Date of Birth: c.
250 at Moesia Superior (Serbia)
Family connections / Genealogy
Place and Date of Death:
Died 325 in Thessalonica
Name of next Emperor:
The successor to Licinius I was
Constantine the Great
For the names of the next
Roman emperors in the East and the West of the Empire refer to the
about the life of Licinius I
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor
Licinius I from the following facts and information about his life.
After the abdication of the joint emperors Diocletian and
Maximianus, Galerius ruled the East together with the Caesar
he had appointed, Maximinus Daza. Licinius was made an
Augustus of the West on 11 November 308. On the death of
Galerius in 311AD there were four men calling themselves
Emperors - Licinius in Asia, Daza Maximin in Egypt,
Maxentius at Rome, and Constantine in Gaul. Daza succeeded
to the provinces of East in Asia together with Licinius.
They both fought to become sole emperor of the East. During the early summer of
311 Maximinus Daza met with Licinius at the Bosporus and
they concluded a treaty, sharing the Eastern empire between
them. The peace treaty was relatively short lived and
Daza met Licinius in battle in 313AD. Licinius was
victorious and Daza fled to Tarsus where he was killed on the
orders of Licinius, who also ordered that his wife and
children should also be killed. Licinius cemented his
position by marrying the sister of the Emperor Constantine
the Great (now Augustus of the West), called Constantia.
Licinius and Constantia had one child named Valerius
Licinianus Licinius. It was a marriage of convenience,
Licinius was unfaithful and this resulted in a battle
between the two emperors. Constantine was victorious, but
the civil war was draining the Roman armies and so a peace
treaty was made. Tension between the two emperors continued
to grow. Licinius angered Constantine still further in 320
by turning on the Christians in his realm and yet another
war broke out between them in 321AD. Licinius was finally
defeated by Constantine at Chrysopolis on 18 September 324.
Licinius fled to Nicomedeia which Constantine began to
besiege. Licinius quickly abdicated and was sent to
Thessalonica, where he was kept under house arrest. Licinius
was put to death by hanging in 325. It is believed that he
had attempted yet another rebellion against Constantine the
Great as an ally of the Goths.