Short Biography about the life of Valentinian I
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Valentinian I, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Valentinian I
Latin Roman Name: Flavius Valentinianus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 26 February - 28 March 364 alone and 26 March 364 - 17 November 375 as emperor of the west, with his brother emperor in the east
Dynasty / Historical Period: The Valentinian dynasty (364 - 394) derives its name from the first of the dynasty's Emperors - Valentinian I. Orthodox Christianity became the officially tolerated variant of the faith and the Empire became irrevocably split into two halves.
Place and Date of Birth: Born 321 at Cibalae, Pannonia
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessor or the Emperor before Valentinian I was Jovian
Family connections / Genealogy
Name of Father: Gratian the Elder
Name of Mother: Unknown
Children: Gratian by Marina Severa and Valentinian II, Galla and Justa by Justina
Place and Date of Death: Died 17 November 375 at Brigetio on the Danube
For the names of the next Roman emperors in the East and the West of the Empire refer to the Timeline of Roman Emperors
Interesting facts about the life of Valentinian I
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Valentinian I from the following facts and information about his life. Jovian died on 17 February 364, en route to Constantinople, after a reign of only eight months. There are many rumours that Jovian was murdered by being smothered to death or poisoned with mushrooms. When Jovian died, the army chose another soldier named Valentinian, a stout, brave, rough man, with little education but a good Christian. As soon as he reached Constantinople, he divided the empire with his brother Valens, whom he left to rule the East, while he himself went to govern the West, chiefly from Milan, for the Emperors were not fond of living at Rome, partly because the remains of the Senate interfered with their full grandeur, and partly because there were old customs that were inconvenient to a Christian Emperor. He was in general just and honest in his dealings, but when he was angry he could be cruel, and it is said he had two bears to whom criminals were thrown. His brother Valens was a weaker and less able man. Ambrose, the Archbishop of Milan, taught Gratian, Valentinian's eldest son. Gratian was a good and promising youth. Valentinian's second wife was named Justina; and when he died, as it is said, from breaking a blood-vessel in a fit of rage, in 375, the Western Empire was shared between her little son Valentinian and Gratian.