Short Biography about the life of Volusian
Short Biography profile and facts about one of the most famous Romans of all, in the life of Volusian, Emperor of Rome and provinces of the Roman Empire.
Name commonly known as: Volusian
Latin Roman Name: Gaius Vibius Volusianus
Reigned as Roman Emperor / Caesar: 251-253 joint emperor with his father Gallus
Dynasty / Historical Period: Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284). Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
Place and Date of Birth: Unknown
Name of previous Emperor: His predecessors or the Emperors before Volusian and Gallus were Decius Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian
Family connections / Genealogy
Place and Date of Death: Died August 253 at Interamna (Lazio, Italy)
Name of next Emperor: The successor to Volusian and his father and co-emperor Gallus was Aemilian
Interesting facts about the life of Volusian
Obtain a fast overview of the times of the Roman Emperor Volusian from the following facts and information about his life. The father of Volusian, Trebonianus Gallus, was an experienced soldier who was proclaimed emperor in the year 251AD ruling jointly with Hostilian. Gallus had concluded a disgraceful peace with the Goths and in return for the withdrawal of the Goths had agreed to allow them to keep the loot and Roman prisoners gained from their incursions and to pay them an annual tribute. In 251, the plague broke out in the city of Rome during which the co-emperor Hostilian died. Gallus then raised his son Volusian to the position of co-emperor. The plague was creating terrible problems in the city of Rome. Gallus and Volusian gained popular support with the plebs by providing proper burials for all plague victims, even those who were too poor to afford it. Romans were looking for someone to blame for the outbreak of the plague. The Christians made a perfect target. The persecution of Christians once again featured in Rome and its provinces during the reign of Volusian.
Volusian - The Persians and the Goths
Gallus and Volusian, preoccupied with matters at home ignored the threat of invasion to the Eastern Frontier by the Persian King Shapur I in 252AD. King Shapur defeated the Roman forces at the battle of Barbalissos and soon controlled the Roman province of Syria and in 253AD he captured Antioch. At the same time there was further problems for Volusian and his father with the Goths. The governor of Upper Moesia (modern-day Bulgaria), Aemilius Aemilianus, refused to pay the annual tribute to the Goths which had been previously agreed by Volusian and his father. The Goths invaded the Lower Danube in retaliation for the Roman breach of the peace treaty. Aemilian defeated the invading Goths and his troops proclaimed him as emperor.
Volusian - The Coup
Aemilian immediately marched his army towards Rome. Gallus and Volusian gathered an army and marched north to prevent Aemilian from reaching the city. Gallus and Volusian requested that Publius Licinius Valerianus brought reinforcements from Germany to join their forces. But the reinforcements never arrived. Gallus and Volusian tried to stall for time but in August 253 AD, camped at Interamna (Lazio, Italy), word reached Volusian and his father that Aemilian was rapidly approaching with a large force of soldiers. The news reached the army of Gallus and Volusian and fearing defeat, the troops mutinied and the two co-emperors were murdered. The troops then declared for Aemilian who became the next emperor.
Volusian - Crisis of the Third Century - Era of the Barracks Emperors (238 - 268)
The Crisis of the Third Century was the period in Roman history following the death of Alexander Severus when Rome entered into the era of Military Anarchy commonly known as the Crisis of the Third Century. During the Crisis of the Third Century, lasting over 50 years, not one single Emperor died of natural causes. Revolts sprung up in virtually all of the provinces and ambitious men struggled for power. During the crisis there were civil wars, street fights between the citizens of Rome and soldiers of the imperial guard, fierce foreign enemies, plagues, famines, fire and earthquakes. The "Barracks Emperors" (238 - 268) were all military generals who seized power by force. Taxation was high, the economy was failing and Roman territories were being captured by barbarians and the Roman government was unstable. During this uncertain era and violent environment the promise of an afterlife seemed to be the only thing to hope for. And people started to turn towards a new religion, Christianity.