Roman Colosseum

'The Roman Colosseum'

The Roman God Cupid
The way of the Romans was to adopt various elements from other cultures and civilisations. This included the Roman religion which was highly influenced by the Ancient Greek religion and gave the Greek God names the equivalent Roman names. The Roman priests then adopted the mythology or stories about the Gods and Goddesses and evolved a Roman Gods Family tree detailing how each of the Roman Gods and Goddesses, like Cupid, were related.

Greek and Roman religion and mythology therefore become closely entwined.

Mythology surrounding Cupid
The mythology and information about the Roman God Cupid

  • Name: The name 'Cupid' is derived from the Latin word cupido meaning "desire."
  • Jurisdiction: Cupid was described as being the Roman God of Love
  • Mythology: Mythical Family Tree or Relatives: Cupid was believed to be the God of erotic love and beauty. His mother was Venus, the daughter of Jupiter and Dione, the wife of Vulcan although the father of Cupid was Mercury
  • Depiction / Description / Symbol: a bow and a quiver of arrows Cupid is often depicted as a putto which is a naked, podgy human baby boy, often having wings
  • Name of equivalent Greek God: Eros

Roman Mythology and Information about Cupid
Cupid (Eros) was the god of love and the son of the goddess Venus. He was her constant companion; and, armed with bow and arrows, he shot the darts of desire into the hearts of both gods and men. The following legend is told of him. Venus, complaining to Themis, one of the Titans, that her son Cupid grew no bigger than a child.  Venus was told by her that it was because he was solitary and that if he had a brother he would soon start to grow. Shortly after a brother, Anteros, was born and Cupid immediately was seen to increase rapidly in size and strength.

Cupid the God of Love - Association with Lovers and Saint Valentine's Day
This Roman God of Love is still famous in modern culture due to his close association with love. His name and symbols are particularly associated with St. Valentine's day. Valentine's Day or Saint Valentine's Day is the traditional day on which lovers express their love for each other by sending Valentine's cards and love tokens. Valentine symbols include heart shaped objects and the figure of the winged Cupid holding a bow and quiver of arrows. According to legend, Cupid had two different types of  arrows which accounts for this Roman god's association with both romantic and erotic love. Anyone hit by one of Cupid's arrow did not die but fell in love. The Golden Arrow signified true love and the Leaden Arrow represented wanton and sensual passion. The ancient myths and legends tell that his mother, Venus, used to send him on such errands.

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