Similarities between the Greek and Roman Gods
This section contains facts and information about the religion, mythology and the Gods and Goddesses which were 'shared' by Greece and Rome. The Roman's attitude towards the religion of other cultures was to assimilate different religions and mythology into their own religion and society. This was especially true of the Greek religion and mythology and explains the similarities between the gods, goddesses, ceremonies and traditions of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. This section provides a table contains a list of names for the equivalent major classical Greek and Roman Gods.
Roman Gods and Religion
The religion of the Romans was a polytheistic religion which incorporated the worship of many gods (Polytheism) much of which was taken from the Greek religion. The Greek and then the Roman priests needed a story or myth which contained a family tree and explained the beginnings of the main Gods and Goddesses (Dii Consentes). These legends and myths answered questions relating to where the gods and goddesses came from and their relationship to each other which is called a Cosmogony. The Twelve major gods of the Pantheon (Pantheon meaning the collective major gods of a people) were called Dii Consentes. A 'family tree' of the Gods and Goddesses explained 'who was who' and what relationships they had with each other.
Roman Gods and Roman Mythology
The mythology and legends surrounding Mount Olympus contributes to the stories about the Roman gods. There are arcticles which include interesting information, legends and myths about Roman Mythology, the Olympian Gods, Mount Olympus, the Hercules Mythology and the 12 Labors of Hercules and the Roman mythology surrounding the River Styx and Charon the Ferryman, or boatman, who ferried the souls of dead Romans to Hades (Hell).
Roman Religion - Ceremonies, Traditions and Sacrifices
The Roman religion centred around the worship of the Roman gods and goddesses. These articles contain interesting facts and information regarding the principles, traditions, sacrifices, ceremonies, priests and the Vestal Virgins and the part they played in Roman religion. The role and clothing of the Vestal Virgins, the Augurs and Auguries, Aruspices, Pontifices, Priests and Religious ceremonies and festivals. Facts about the temples where the Romans worshipped. Human and animal sacrifice was practised by the Romans. The early worship of Jupiter Latiaris involved human sacrifice and it is believed that a Bestiarius was sacrificed at the opening of the early Roman games however animal sacrifice was far more common.
Table containing a list of Roman Gods and Goddesses
A table containing a list detailing a description and details of all the Gods and Goddesses including their attributes, jurisdiction, emblems and symbols of the ancient Roman gods. The facts and information include details of the major Olympian gods and those who were featured in the Capitoline Triad. There are seperate articles on each of the Roman gods and the mythology surrounding them including Jupiter the King of the Gods, Juno the Queen of the Gods, Neptune the God of the Sea, Pluto the God of Death, Apollo the God of the Sun, Diana the Goddess of the Moon, Mars the God of War, Venus the Goddess of Love, Cupid the God of Love, Mercury the Messenger of the Gods, Minerva the Goddess of Wisdom, Ceres the Earth Goddess, Proserpina the Goddess of the Underworld, Vulcan, Bacchus the God of Wine, Saturn the God of Time, Vesta the Goddess of the Home, Janus the God of Doors and Uranus the Father of Saturn.