Was the Toga worn by Roman women?
During the early period of the Roman Republic the toga was at first worn by women as well as men. However, a garment called the stola was introduced and worn by married women. Prostitutes and women condemned for adultery, were not permitted to wear the stola and forced to wear a toga. A toga-clad prostitute was called a togatae.
Colors of the Toga
The colour of the toga worn by men was generally white, that is, the natural colour of white wool. Hence it was called pura or vestimentum purum. The toga was kept white and clean by the fuller. When this was neglected, the toga was called sordida, and those who wore such garments sordidati. A black or dark colored toga was worn as a sign of mourning. The augurs wore a saffron colored toga. The colors of the borders on the toga indicated the status of the wearer.
There were many different types of toga which were worn by the Romans. Names and descriptions of the different types of Roman togas are as follows:
Different Types of Roman Togas
Toga pura: Was the common, natural, white color of wool
Toga virilis: Was the plain white toga worn on formal occasions when which boys assumed upon maturity
Trabea: The 'trabea' which was entirely colored in purple worn by the Roman Emperors. Also called the purpurea
Toga candida: Was bleached by chalk to a dazzling white worn by candidates for public office hence the word candidate
Toga praetexta: Had a broad crimson band woven along its lower border. It was worn by freeborn children of both sexes and by consuls and priests
Toga pulla: Was a dark colored toga worn during mourning
Toga picta: Was worn by Roman Emperors on special occasions such as the opening of gladiatorial games. Unlike all other types of togas, the material was not just dyed purple but was also richly embroidered and decorated with gold.